On November 11, the Chinese government website released a report on typical problems. The sixth major inspection of the State Council found that some localities and units did not implement the tax and fee reduction policies in place, and “named” the relevant departments of Changchun, Nanchong and Lanzhou——
“… The relevant work arrangements and requirements have not been seriously implemented, and the work of cleaning up and regulating the price increase in the power supply link is not effective, resulting in the country’s policy dividend of reducing general industrial and commercial electricity prices has not been fully transmitted to small and micro enterprises.”
Since 2018, the relevant departments of the state and local governments at all levels have continued to increase their efforts to address the issue of price increases in power supply conversion, and mobilized resources from all parties to investigate and clean up electricity prices in the power supply link.
Continue to manage, continue to get stuck. The main body of the power supply increases the price indiscriminately. How can this disease be cured?
The problem of self-enrichment in the main body of power transfer is serious
Just as blood clots can affect the normal flow and circulation of blood in the human body, the main body of power supply transfer with arbitrary price increases also hinders the flow of “red envelopes” distributed by the state, affecting the smooth flow of “arteries” from the state to power grid companies to end users.
For two consecutive years in 2018 and 2019, the government work report clearly put forward the annual target of reducing the average electricity price of general industry and commerce. This is a “red envelope” distributed by the state to industrial and commercial enterprises, and power grid enterprises actively respond to the state’s requirements. In 2018, the electricity cost of various types of users was newly reduced by a total of 91.5 billion yuan; in 2019, a total of 79.2 billion yuan was newly reduced in the electricity consumption cost of various types of users, completing the task of reducing the average electricity price of general industry and commerce by another 10% this year.
Power grid companies “real money” to drop, how much end users actually save? According to the results of the sixth major supervision and investigation of the State Council, 1.2 yuan/kWh, 1.3 yuan/kWh, and 1.35 yuan/kWh are the electricity prices charged by certain power supply entities to merchants, all of which are higher than the national average sales price of industrial and commercial electricity.
Earlier, a business operator in Phoenix City, Tianqi, Erdao District, Changchun City revealed to Xinhua: “The property says the electricity bill is as much as it is, and the electricity will be cut off when confronted. The house has been rented and renovated, and it cannot operate without paying the electricity bill.” This is also the experience of many merchants. Not only did end users fail to save electricity bills, but they were also faced with wanton price increases by the main body of power supply.
The issue of power transfer has once again attracted attention. Under normal circumstances, industrial and commercial enterprises are mostly small and medium-sized industrial and commercial households. It is difficult for them to directly trade with power grid companies alone. They can only buy electricity through shopping malls, parks, office buildings, etc. The problem also arises in the process of buying electricity from “middlemen”. On the one hand, the main body of power supply transfer withholds the dividend of electricity price and does not pass on 10% of the welfare; on the other hand, it increases the price illegally. source.
The main body of power supply has increased prices indiscriminately, which greatly reduced the implementation effect of the national electricity price reduction. Judging from the intuitive effect of price reduction, end users of power supply have not been able to enjoy due dividends, and electricity price reduction has become a castle in the air in their eyes. (Continue to the second edition)
The drawbacks go far beyond that. Ma Li, deputy chief engineer of the State Grid Energy Research Institute, analyzed that to a certain extent, there is duplication of construction and waste of resources in power conversion. Some power supply transfer entities repeat construction within the scope of existing power supply facilities, resulting in a waste of resources; some transfer power supply entities have unreasonable layouts when building power supply facilities, resulting in wasted power. In the power transfer mode, it is difficult for the main body to carry out detailed statistical analysis of the power grid, resulting in the inability of accurate statistics of regional power consumption classification and other indicators, which restricts the healthy development of the power industry to a certain extent.
The local “small account” of the main body of power supply transfer is satisfied, while the overall “big account” that stimulates the vitality of the market has been damaged. No matter from the perspective of the interests of end users of power transfer, the development of the power industry, or the development trend of the entire energy Internet, it has become a broad consensus to manage the problem of power transfer.
“It is the general trend to speed up the management of power transfer.” Zeng Ming, director of the Energy Internet Research Center of North China Electric Power University, believes that with the advancement of science and technology, the energy Internet has accelerated the flattening of various processes, with fewer and fewer intermediate links, and electricity prices are not Reasonable price increases should be less and less, to ensure that national policies and the benefits of power grid companies can truly be transmitted to end users.
Get through the “last mile” and use both administrative and market means
On the one hand, the state has vigorously reduced electricity prices to reduce the cost of enterprises, and on the other hand, some of the price reduction dividends cannot be directly transmitted to users, and are received by the intermediate power supply main body. This has become a “pain point” in the electricity price drop channel.
According to incomplete statistics from the National Development and Reform Commission, there are about 400,000 households in the country who transfer power, and more than 34 million end-users are involved. Since 2018, the National Development and Reform Commission has successively issued policy documents such as the “Notice on Cleaning and Regulating Charges for Power Grids and Power Supply Transfer” and other policy documents, held a national electricity price special work conference, and promoted local governments to speed up the problem of illegal transfer of power supply, focusing on cleaning up and regulating industrial parks, commercial Various types of price increases charged by operators of complexes and other power supply users in addition to the sales price stipulated by the state.
The superposition of the two rounds of electricity price reduction policies, the issuance of notices, and the convening of meetings are to release dividends in a wider range, longer time, and at a deeper level, reducing costs and burdens for industrial and commercial enterprises.
And the governance of illegal power transfer behavior, why is there so much resistance under the frequent blows?
Ma Li believes that the electricity fee collection method between the main body of the power supply and the end user is diverse and the situation is complicated. The two parties have agreed on the charging method and charging amount through agreements and contracts. Due to the impact of the agreed period and other factors, it needs to be gradually regulated. In addition, it is difficult to change supply to direct supply. Some commercial complexes, office buildings and other power supply entities have only one property right, and the internal partition has no property rights and the physical space is not fixed. For a single small business, it is very difficult to achieve one meter for one household. .
Difficulties surfaced. To get through the “last mile”, the combination of administrative means and market means may be a solution.
From the perspective of administrative means, relevant national and local departments are increasing the supervision of power supply transfer. Ma Li believes that the competent government departments should regulate the electricity consumption charges of the power supply entities, strictly prevent the phenomenon of price increases and arbitrary charges, and supervise the power supply entities to strengthen the maintenance of power distribution facilities to ensure the safety and quality of power supply, and urge the power supply enterprises and the power supply entities. Sign an agreement on matters such as the scope and capacity of the transfer. The competent government departments should issue policy opinions on the transformation of one household, one meter for industrial parks with clear property rights, and issue a one household, one meter power supply standard for newly built property owners, so as to realize “power supply to households, metering to households, and services to households”, and control from the source. The behavior of switching power supply price increase. At the same time, the relevant departments should establish a more complete monitoring and reporting mechanism for the increase in the price of power transfer, and incorporate the power transfer subjects who refuse to clean up into the social credit reporting system, so as to force the power transfer subjects to strictly implement the national electricity price policy.
The power of administrative means has indeed regulated the behavior of the main body of power transfer to a certain extent. For example, as of the end of October, there were more than 6,300 inspection units in Hubei Province, of which 328 cases were filed, 194 cases were settled, more than 1.25 million yuan was fined, and nearly 140 million yuan in overcharged electricity bills were cleared.
In addition to the necessary administrative means, how should market-oriented means play a role?
Zeng Ming believes that to completely solve the problem of the main body of power supply, it is necessary to further study how to form a complete market mechanism that can effectively compete, supported by technology platforms, and guaranteed by market rules, so that the interaction between supply and demand can truly be realized.
Whether it is to strengthen supervision by administrative means or improve the market mechanism to truly release vitality, in the final analysis, it is necessary to solve and eliminate the problem of unreasonable price increases in power transfer, to ensure that “red envelopes” are not stuck in the middle links, and to open up the “last mile” for policy implementation and user benefits. “.
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